General information
Title CZHry o Marii
Subtitle CZ
Title ENThe Plays of Mary
Subtitle EN
Title DEDie Marienspiele
Subtitle DE
Title FRLes Jeux De Marie
Subtitle FR
CategoryStage Works and Film Music
SubcategoryOperas
Halbreich number and suffix236
Parts of composition (movements)1) The Wise and Foolish Virgins. Prologue. Drama in 1 act. 2) Mariken of Nimègue. Pageant in 1 act. 3) The Nativity. Pastorale in 1 act. 4) Sister Pascaline. Legend in 1 act
Durata131' (20'+43'+21'+47')
Instruments1)2020-4120-Timp-Batt-Pf-Archi(Vle,Vc);2)2222-4231-Timp-Batt-Pf-Archi;3)2202-4110-Timp-Trgl-Archi;4)2222-4231-Timp-Batt-Pf-Archi
Solo voice
List of characters1) Archangel Gabriel (A), wise virgins (5 dancers), foolish virgins (4 dancers, mS), merchandisers with oils (Bar, B), Bridegroom (T, mS, A, B), mixed chorus. *** 2) Mariken (S, dancing role), Devil (Bar, dancing role), ringmaster (Sp), God (B), Mother of God (A), Maškaron (T), drunkard (B), girl (S), male and female chorus, dancers. *** 3) Maria (S), smith (bBar), smith's daughter (mS), publican (Bar), female, male and children's chorus. *** 4) Sister Pascaline (S/mS), Sister Marta (S/mS), God's Mother (mute role), solo vocal quartet, mixed chorus, dancers. Instruments behind the scene: Arm, Timp, string quintet
Dedicatee
Diplomatic transcription of dedication
Note on dedication
Origin
Place of composition
Year of origin1934
Initiation of composition05/1933
Finishing of composition26.06.1934
Last modification of composition
First performance
Performer Antonín Balatka (dir./cond.), Rudolf Walter (režie/direction), František Muzika (scéna/stage design), Marie Hloušková (Gabriel), Božena Žlábková (Mariken), Věra Střelcová (Sestra Paskalina)
Balatka, Antonín
Hloušková, Marie
Muzika, František
Střelcová, Věra
Walter, Rudolf
Žlábková, Božena
Date of first performance23.02.1935
Location of first performanceBrno, National Theatre (Národní divadlo)
Ensemble
Autograph deposition
InstitutionNational Theatre, Prague
Deposition location
OwnerNational Theatre in Prague
Note on autographSee also H 236/2 I.
Manuscript deposition 2
InstitutionBohuslav Martinů Centre in Polička
Deposition location
OwnerBohuslav Martinů Centre in Polička
Note on autographAutograph score of 3) The Nativity. Autograph piano reduction of the whole cycle also held by the Bohuslav Martinů Centre in Polička. ***Second autograph piano reduction of 2) Mariken of Nimègue (fragment) and fragmentary draft of 1) The Wise and Foolish Virgins are held by the Czech Museum of Music in Prague.
Publication
Place of issue
PublisherTheatrical and Literary Agency
Year of publication1965
CopyrightDilia, Prague
Purchase linkbuy
Note
Note1) Completed on 22.04.1934. Czech lyrics by Vítězslav Nezval after the French original from the 12th century. *** 2) Two versions: 1st version (H. 236/2 I) was composed between May 1933 - 28.07.1933. 2nd version ( (H. 236/2 II), which is included in the cycle The Miracles of Mary, was completed on 21.03.1934. French lyrics by Henri Ghéon (see French libretto of H. 236/2 I) after a Flemish legend from the 15th century, Czech translation: Vilém Závada (H. 236/2 II). *** 3) Completed on 01.04.1934 (according to Charlotte Martinů's diary on 05.05.1934; last page of the autograph held by National Theatre in Prague: "Velikonoce [Easter] 1934"). Lyrics: Moravian folk poetry. *** 4) Completed on 26.06.1934. Lyrics by Bohuslav Martinů after Julius Zeyer and folk poetry. *** German transaltion of the libretto: Kurt Honolka. *** Date of the world premiere in Brno according to Charlotte Martinů's diary: 28.02.1935.
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