General information
Title CZKoncert pro flétnu, housle a orchestr
Subtitle CZ
Title ENConcerto for Flute, Violin and Orchestra
Subtitle EN
Title DEKonzert für Flöte, Violine und Orchester
Subtitle DE
Title FR
Subtitle FR
CategoryConcertos
SubcategoryDouble, Triple and Quadruple Concertos
Halbreich number and suffix252
Parts of composition (movements)1. Allegro moderato; 2. Adagio; 3. Poco allegretto
Durata19'
Instruments1222-2100-Pf-Archi
Solo voiceFl Vl
List of characters
Dedicatee Honegger Moyse, Blanche
Moyse, Marcel
Diplomatic transcription of dedication
Note on dedicationDedicated to Marcel Moÿse and Blanche Honegger
Origin
Place of composition
Year of origin1936
Initiation of composition10/1936
Finishing of composition10/1936
Last modification of composition
First performance
Performer Marcel Moÿse (Fl), Blanche Honegger (Vl), Philippe Gaubert (dir./cond.)
Gaubert, Philippe
Honegger Moyse, Blanche
Moyse, Marcel
Date of first performance27.12.1936
Location of first performanceParis
Ensemble Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire
Autograph deposition
InstitutionBohuslav Martinů Centre in Polička
Deposition location
OwnerBohuslav Martinů Foundation, Prague
Note on manuscriptFragment of the autograph score (pp. 26-35, i.e. almost whole 2nd movement). Solo violin part and some other changes are only indicated by pencil). *** Copy in a foreign hand located in the Bärenreiter archive in Kassel.
Publication
Place of issue
PublisherBärenreiter, Kassel
Year of publication1961
CopyrightBärenreiter, Kassel
Note
Note
Information

Concerto for Flute, Violin, and Orchestra

Many neoclassical composers--for instance, Darius Milhaud, Arthur Honegger, and Paul Hindemith--were inspired by the principle of the Baroque concerto grosso, utilizing a group of solo instruments on the one hand and an orchestra on the other. In the output of Bohuslav Martinů, however, the concerto for two or more solo instruments with orchestra became one of the principal forms he used, especially during the 1930s. In 1931, he composed his Concerto for String Quartet and Orchestra and only two years later came two works with a piano trio as the solo group--the Concerto for Piano Trio and String Orchestra and the Concertino for Piano Trio and String Orchestra. Then in the fall of 1936, Martinů composed his Concerto for Flute, Violin, and Orchestra on commission for the famous French violinist, Marcel Moyse (for whom he also composed the Sonata for Flute, Violin, and Piano in the same year). This concerto was premiered on 27 December 1936 by Marcel Moyse and Blanche Honegger with the Orchestre de Société des Concerts du Conservatoire under Phillip Gaubert and broadcast live on radio.

This three-movement work follows the classical layout of "fast-slow-fast". An important role in the instrumentation of the whole concerto is played by the piano, which enriches the color of the orchestra. In the first movement, a fast cadenza displays both solo instruments. The second movement, rich in expression, offers lyrical melodies presented alternately and jointly by the two solo instruments. Toward the end of the second movement, we hear a lyrical cadenza for the violin. The movement culminates with a lyrical counterpoint of the two solo instruments with the string section. The final fast movement has the layout of a three-part song form, whose central cantilena section leads after a flute cadenza to a repetition of the first part. The ensuing fast coda intensifies the build to the climax of the movement and, thus, of the whole work.

The composer's fondness for the concerto grosso principle stimulated monumental works such as the Concerto grosso of 1937 and the Double Concerto for Two String Orchestras, Piano, and Timpani, which undoubtedly provide the best representation of this stylistic orientation.

Sandra Bergmannová

 

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