General information
Title CZTrio pro flétnu, violoncello a klavír
Subtitle CZ
Title ENTrio for Flute, Violoncello and Piano
Subtitle EN
Title DETrio für Flöte, Cello und Klavier
Subtitle DE
Title FRTrio pour flûte, violoncelle et piano [auth.]
Subtitle FR
CategoryChamber Music
SubcategoryTrios with Piano
Halbreich number and suffix300
Parts of composition (movements)1. Poco allegretto; 2. Adagio; 3. Andante - Allegretto scherzando
InstrumentsFl Vc Pf
Solo voice
List of characters
Diplomatic transcription of dedication
Note on dedication
Place of composition
Year of origin1944
Initiation of composition23.06.1944
Finishing of composition31.07.1944
Last modification of composition
First performance
Performer René Le Roy (Fl), Janos Scholz (Vc), Sidney Foster (Pf)
Foster, Sidney
Leroy, René
Scholz, Janos
Date of first performance28.02.1945
Location of first performanceNew York, USA
Autograph deposition
InstitutionBohuslav Martinů Centre in Polička
Deposition location
OwnerBohuslav Martinů Centre in Polička
Note on manuscriptReproduction of the autograph score is located at the Wienbibliothek (deposit of UE).
Place of issue
PublisherAssociated Music Publishers
Year of publication1950
CopyrightAssociated Music Publishers, New York
NoteFirst movement completed on 01.07.1944, second movement on 26.07.1944.

Trio for Flute, Violoncello and Piano in F

There were periods of considerable happiness however, especially the holidays spent in New England. In the summer of 1944, after a particularly severe bout of melancholy which produced the Third Symphony, the Martinůs went to stay at Ridgefield, Conn. After a short break of doing absolutely nothing - very rare for Martinů — he completed the Trio for flute, cello, and piano in the five days between July 26 and 31. Purged of all his depressions the Trio, which was commissioned by Rene le Roy, emerged as a refreshingly effervescent reaffirmation of his Czech roots. After the first performance in February 1945, Virgil Thomson described it as a 'gem of bright sound and cheerful sentiment'.

Like most of Martinů's music this Trio is tonal even when the tonality remains fluid. Actually there are only three works - all trios — to which Martinů ascribed key signatures, and this Trio in F is one of them. Its first movement is a buoyant dance-like structure in modified sonata form; the slow movement a lyrical Adagio in 6/4 time is in C minor, while the last, which is introduced by a slowish cadenza for the flute, is another dance-orientated movement.


Kenneth Dommett

© Hyperion Records, CDA66084



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